Many people think that mixing e liquids is difficult or complicated. Nothing could be further from the truth. The fact is mixing them can be a very rewarding and fun experience, especially when you take advantage of cost-effective ingredients and tools. All you need to prepare are your favorite flavor, simple tools and your nicotine (unflavored) to become e liquid master mixer quickly.

The Key Ingredients Of An E Liquid

Remember that all of the juices in e cigarettes consist of three (3) major ingredients. They are as follows:

1. The first is the flavoring that you want.

2. The second is the nicotine which is unflavored.

3. The third is the vegetable glycerin (VG) and/or propylene glycol (PG).

The first important ingredient is the flavoring. You will experience some difficulties at first in mixing and combining e liquids. The juiceelereason is that unlike the nicotine and the vegetable glycerin (VG) and/or propylene glycol (PG) (where you can combine them in exact measurements), the amount of flavoring that you will use will depend largely on different factors. The first factor obviously is your personal preference. The second factor is the equipment type that is available to you. The third factor is the strength of the flavoring. Therefore, expect that you will do a lot of trial and error.

Generally speaking, it would be very beneficial to start at five percent flavor and work your way up. However, keep in mind that there are flavors that are really strong that even at five percent, they will overpower the entire mixture. In this case, it will be a good idea to mix the overpowering flavor with some lighter flavors. The usual practice with respect to the use of the flavoring is this: twenty to thirty drops per ml.

The second important ingredient is the unflavored nicotine. Another term for this is concentrated nicotine.In making use of this ingredient, make sure that the unflavored nicotine that you will use is appropriate for you.

Generally speaking, the nicotine intensity plays around six milligrams to twenty four milligrams. The usual practice among mixers of e liquids is to use stronger nicotine at the first instance. In this way, they will have the option to dilute the nicotine should they desire to make it less intense/strong.

However, you should exercise extreme caution when handling undiluted nicotine. Undiluted nicotine is found to be extremely poisonous when absorbed by the skin. As such, you must keep them out of reach of your kids and the rest of your family. In addition, use gloves for added protection.

The third important ingredient is the vegetable glycerin (VG) and/or propylene glycol (PG). The function of the VG and the PG is to dilute the unflavored nicotine when it is too strong or intense for your purpose. On one hand, the vegetable glycerin (VG) is the ingredient that makes the taste smooth with less ‘throat hit’. On the other hand, the propylene glycol (PG) is the ingredient that intensifies the ‘throat hit.’ What mixers of e liquids usually do is to create a mix of 50% vegetable glycerin (VG) and 50% propylene glycol (PG). Nevertheless, you can adopt an 80/20 VG to PG mix or 20/80 VG to PG mix.

Like any other food recipe that you know, you can adjust the quantity of flavoring, nicotine, and vegetable glycerin (VG) and/or propylene glycol (PG) in order to suit your preference.

Apart from the three important ingredients, you will also need the following tools:

1. A funnel;

2. A couple of index cards;

3. Latex gloves for protection;

4. Some empty bottles;

5. Graduated cylinder or measuring cup

The printed circuit board is a board where very little pieces of electrical components are connected together to form a circuit. These components when working together would provide a function for certain gadgets or electronics. In this modern age, most of the things used by people involve these printed circuit boards. Sometimes, people would even call it microchips. It is important to note that these boards are not just manufactured in a standard way. Each “chip” is designed in a different way and would provide a different function when compared to other PCBs.

The process of manufacturing a printed circuit board is called PCB fabrication. During the early years, those who designed PCBs did it manually and drew everything on paper before soldering each component individually on the board. Thanks to technology, everything is now faster. A computer engineer can produce hundreds of unique printed circuit boards through the use of computer-assisted design software. He would only point, click and type in things to design different boards used for cellular phones, laptops, coffee machines and even modern refrigerators. pp-pcb-pool-185-gross

PCB fabrication may sound easy to do but there are many things to learn before even putting the electric components together. People who build PCBs would even need to learn about Chemistry and Math. Chemistry is needed to find the best material to use for the board. Some materials would need certain chemical mixtures in order to function properly. Math is also needed to accurately measure the needed spacing in between components. Beside the logical knowledge, PCB fabrication also requires the right skills in performing the methods of PCB manufacturing.

One method in fabricating the printed circuit board is through etching. This is a method wherein the person would remove the copper residue from the board through the use of chemicals. Since the copper is used to carry the current of the electricity from component to component, it is important to be accurate when printing the copper. In the case that one makes a mistake, he would need to put a tape or a copper-resist formula to prevent the right copper from being removed. The chemicals used for the removal can be ferric chloride or ammonium persulphate, although most people would recommend using the latter because it is less messy. If you plan on doing this type of method, it is important to practice safety measures; you have to wear protective goggles and heavy duty gloves to protect your skin from getting burned.

Another PCB fabrication method is laminating the copper pattern onto the substrate which is the board. This method is used if you have an inkjet printer and a photo copying paint. Basically, it’s very simple because once the layout has been designed using the CAD software, it could be printed right away. Using the spray photo sensitive-resist, spray it onto the fiberglass (FR4) board. Always make sure that the board does not have scratches or dents to make the circuit board work. For some engineers, they use a press-paste type of sticker which the layout is printed on. The PCB is finished by just pressing the design on the board.

The last PCB fabrication method to be discussed is drilling. This may be the most complicated and most expensive part of the process. The visa or holes are made through the board to insert the connection of the different copper layer. By using very small drill bits, a hole is punched through and printed with the number designation of each visa. Some type of boards would require smaller holes that no drill can ever make. In this case, some visa is punched through by using laser beams.

Collecting lapel pins is one of the easiest hobbies to start. There are many reasons for pursuing this pastime, such as personal leisure, ornament or decoration, or just being plain sentimental. Other than that, lapel pins are also great for commemorating special life events such as graduations, marriage, the birth of a child, and others.

The following are some helpful tips on how to manage a lapel pin collection.

1. Do some background research

Perform a little investigation first before you set up your hobby. Search the web for different types and classes of lapel pins, and then decide on which kind are you going to begin with. Connect with fellow pin collectors as well, and learn if there are any pin collection or trading events where you could meet a few of them before starting. Don’t be afraid to ask if there are things that you are curious about.

2. Start near and small

You should start small, Pinsfocusing on only one criterion. Ideally, you could begin with family memorabilia, since it is readily accessible and will not cost you anything. There might be hidden items right in your own home that are waiting to be found. Check your house’s closets, drawers, garage, basement, and that old family chest in the attic. There should be at least one or two buried under piles of clothes or boxes somewhere. That’s a perfect start.

3. Search out free items

Since you are just starting out, you want to put off spending money until later when you have a more sizeable collection. Ask family and friends you are not living with if they have any, and if you could have them. Share to them your new-found hobby and maybe they can also help you find items themselves. Announce it in social media as well. Post it on Facebook and Twitter, and see if you have friends who can help add to your growing collection.

4. Gather as many as possible

Yes, so far you are only collecting family memorabilia, but accept any kind of lapel pin for now. Be it sports, military, or cartoon character types, remember that you can always trade items that you don’t want. In the meantime, the important thing is that you grow your collection where you can have the capacity to trade. This will give you tremendous motivation to continue on with your hobby.

5. Join trading events

When your collection is big enough, you can reconnect with your co-collectors and join local trading events. Have fun while trading and get to know as many new friends as possible. These items are not that huge in terms of cash equivalent, but you can get more value from it by the relationships you have built.

6. Expand your collection

By now you have already established a large quantity of your basic collection, family memorabilia, so can go on and expand. Collecting extra pins can be very handy for prospective trades.

7. Keep your collection in good condition

Keep your lapel pins in good condition. They should be stored properly in a binder or any wood or glass display box. Use several containers if your collection is too large. Don’t cram them inside a single box as they may damage each other. Preserving the form of your collection makes them more valuable as they get older.

8. Clean them regularly

Lastly, clean your lapel pins regularly. You can use soap and warm water to wash each one by hand. Dry them immediately after washing to avoid rusting. If some of them are tainted, use a generic metal cleaner to wipe away the stain.

Keynote addresses nowadays are considered both inspiring and motivating. Those individuals or groups of people who claim to have been influenced by such speeches would always attest to the ability of the speaker. While different speakers talk about different specific topics, they all have the same goal—to inspire people to do better by showing them how it is done.

The impact or the effect of every keynote address can be understood in three degrees. Of course, the effectiveness of each keynote speaker is dependent on how keynote speakers are able to manipulate the words, and how they are able to supplement their words with actions, gestures and other visual methods.

In most trainings, seminars and conferences, keynote speakers are only given a short amount of time to make inspirational or motivational speeches. However, for some speakers, their strategies or approaches in presenting speeches do not actually convince their audience. And because of this, these speakers only create a superficial reaction and do not really inspire change in the people who listen to them.

Now there are, however, some speakers who are able to grab their audience’s attention and can make unresponsive behavior to a livelier one. These keynote speakers’ addresses initially appear to have performed well, but as the audiences get out of their seats and return to living their respective lives, no significant amount of change can be seen. This is what most companies are complaining about when they are asked about some of their hired speakers. For some company heads, their reason for inviting a keynote speaker is to really enhance the development of their employees and thus ensure increased profitability.

imageChanging behavior and initiative in action are among the most important things that any individual can gain from attending a talk or a conference, especially a talk or a conference facilitated by someone who is very knowledgeable about his or her chosen field or topic of expertise. Great keynote speakers do not just inspire their audiences for a while, but these kinds of speakers are able to tap into the inner side of every individual by just using the right kinds of words. People who are very motivated in what they hear are able to create new ways in order to improve their work and their lives. This would only mean to say that a great keynote speaker is able to change the way individuals live their lives.

Companies who are very serious in creating change and development amongst their employees are in need of professional speakers who can inspire long term improvement and change. These are the kind of clients who can pay for and afford to hire popular, inspiring and great speakers for the sake of their company, particularly the people who make it run. The effect of successful talks is very much valued in big companies because it does not only improve people’s performance but also the productivity of the company as a whole.

To wrap things up, it is correct to say that the impact of every successful keynote speaker does not only rely on the way the speaker is able to present himself or herself on stage, on how many humorous examples he or she has, or not only on how well he or she is able to use his or her visuals. Rather, it is gauged on how these speakers are able to inspire other people to improve on their own. Overall, it is by way of the change in the working behavior of each individual that constitutes the labor force that every company can truly say that the speaker is truly successful.

A good deal of time and money can be saved when you invest on virtual private servers or VPS. These are services provided by web hosts to give optimize your web management, storage and many more. This is a great alternative from Dedicated Servers, which are physical hardware that are very expensive. Virtual private servers are available nowadays at pocket-friendly prices. These cheap VPS services are also just a little bit lower than dedicated servers but provide sufficiently.

The question now is: what do you look for in virtual private servers?

There are many factors that come into play when considering getting a VPS. However there are just a few essential things to regard in your decision. Below are some of the things that you need to look for to get the right kind of virtual private server.

Bandwidth:

This is an essential aspect Cheap VPSwhen it comes to web hosting. Bandwidth determines the speed of data transfer in your server. This is becomes a crucial factor in picking cheap VPS because the flow of information gathered by the server will show the reliability of your page. Visitors would not want to have slow bandwidth when web traffic spikes high.

Memory:

Memory, of course, is one of the key features that you need to consider in virtual private servers. This gives you an idea of how much data the VPS can store. However, this is also a factor since virtual private servers, especially cheap VPS, are just below dedicated servers in terms of quality. It is still ideal to have a dedicated server to store in all your data. But for practical purposes, VPS are the way the way to go.

Disk Space:

This is a bit similar to memory. But the difference between disk space and memory is the kind of storage it is for; in this case, it’s for random-access memory devices. Having a large disk space means the central server has a huge storage to pile up the data. A lot of VPS provide a sufficient amount of disk space, just enough for you to have your own database.

Control Panel:

The good thing about virtual private servers is that you can customize them without sharing all of your data to other users. The fine line between Shared Hosting and VPS are drawn is drawn here. The control panel of the VPS shows you how you can customize your account and optimize your site. A lot of web hosts provide their own control panel.

Site Backups:

Backups are important because they’re one of the top reasons why people use cheap VPS in the first place. Site backups can be costly when you’re not wise in choosing your VPS, which is why checking the daily backup for the host is needed.

Root Access:

Root access is another key feature in virtual private servers. This is sometimes called ‘Superuser Access’. The purpose of this is to gain administrative control to the system. Dedicated servers usually act as administrators to the whole network. But with VPS, this access is given to other users but with certain limitations. The root access is an important aspect in choosing VPS since you would want to your account to be properly managed and controlled by you.

The Price:

It all ends with the most practical consideration – the price. There are so many web hosting sites out there that offer cheap VPS. Since they are software-defined, virtual private servers are not hard to make. These are outsourced by these sites and can be purchased at pocket-friendly prices. These services are usually paid monthly ingin different packages.

When your phone needs to be fixed, it is important to understand the basic parts of the device, its functions and the other parts that are interrelated to it. Upon bringing it to a business offering iPhone repair in Long Island, they would readily provide the respective parts involved. However, to avoid overpricing on repair services. Here are some of the most commonly replaced parts of an iPhone, their price range and functions.

iphone Today’s touchscreen devices like iPhone make use of capacitive circuitry, in which the touch of a finger connects the circuit to direct an instruction to phone’s operating system. This requires just the touch of the fingertips, unlike the previous resistive screens where you have to press down. Since the screen takes up most of the surface area of the iPhone, if it gets cracked or damaged, it will usually make the phone inoperable. The digital display assembly alone costs more than 100 dollars; add to the cost of replacing the front camera, home button, earpiece, speaker, and the shield plate itself, and you are looking at a huge repair bill.

Phone speakers might sometime accumulate some dust overtime.When clogged with too much dust, or if water accidentally finds its way there, it might have an effect on the way it emits sound. Loudspeaker and audio speaker replacement cost 20 dollars on the average.

An adhesive strip can be bought today to connect the battery set to the rear case. It helps keep the battery steady on its place and it costs 5-10 dollars.

Battery life is a major issue for some users. After a long time, phones would scream for recharge for shorter span of time. With this, they seek for iPhone repair in Long Island to have the battery replaced. New batteries cost 20-25 dollars, depending on the model.

For some users who incessantly switch their mute buttons on and off, the audio control button may wear out eventually;it may also malfunction if the device gets wet or dropped. The cable is important because it is interconnected with other crucial buttons. This is also the same for power buttons that do not respond to clocking actions. It has a special cable that joins the volume keys, power button, vibration controls and mute switch. A set may cost 10-15 dollars on the average.

Although they rarely get damaged, some users still find the need to replace their iPhone camera system. The camera’s sensor cable consists of the secondary mic, front camera, and the ambient light and proximity sensors. It costs 20-25 dollars, on the average.

The earpiece speaker is used when you’re listening to your phone when held.  It can cost more than 20 dollars and can be hard to replace on your own. They also differ according to the specific iPhone model.

The SIM card tray can also be replaced. It is available in various colors and is priced at 8-10 dollars. Conversely, Sim card ejectors are also available in the market today. Some people find it hard to eject Sim cards and even resort to using paperclips, earrings, safety pins and any other random pointed object. This rejecter has an easy to grasp handle and a useful actuator for a more efficient ejection. It only costs less than 5 dollars.

Since most of these parts are readily available online, most iPhone users have the urge to do the repair by themselves, especially when the damage in relatively small. This is, however, not recommended unless you have had previous experiences in part assembly and fixing. It is best to leave the procedure to professional iPhone repair in Long Island. They have a wide range of tools and equipment, as well as the experience to handle device repairs. Electronic wirings and connections can be intricate and merely following some online instructions isn’t going to be easy. Just be sure to research about service prices and check out online sources for customer feedbacks on iPhone repair in Long Island.

Author Bio:iPhone repair Long Island is one stop shop for repairing and customizing iPhone iPad & iPod Touch screen devices. We offer the fastest repair on Long Island with only a 30 minute or less wait time for your iPhone, and a 1 hour wait time for the repair of your iPad.

When Ely Callaway sold Callaway Vineyard and Winery to Hiram Walker & Sons in 1981, little did he know that he will be founding one of the largest golf apparel companies in the world. He had set his eyes on a hickory-shafted golf clubs set after visiting a pro-shop located in California and saw a business opportunity there.

The owner of the clubs he previously eyed on was Hickory Stick USA. He then went on to buy a stake for $400,000 in 1982 and became co-owners with Dick de la Cruz, Richard Parente, and Tony Manzoni. During its first year, Callaway decided to rename the company. It was then called Callaway Hickory Stick USA. Orders were low during that time that he even used his Cadillac to personally deliver the items.

In 1985, Callaway golf became the first company to use new and emerging technology. This technology enabled Callaway golf clubs to have the flattestCallaway Golf Company surface of putters possible.

Business was steady for Callaway, but the company only began to take off in 1986. By then, the company had acquired Richard Helmstetter to serve as chief club designer. The use of new technology allowed Callaway golf clubs to be the first to provide putters with the flattest possible surface. The company also introduced new designs such as the Callaway Edge Irons, Billet Series Putters and Wedges, Callaway Persimmon Woods and Bobby Jones Hickory Stick Woods.

The company officially became Callaway Golf Company in 1988. With sales already reaching $4.8 million, the company slowly but surely set itself apart from the competition.

Another milestone was reached in 1991. This is the time when the Big Bertha was launched. It had an oversized driver made of steel and became popular among both amateurs and professionals. In fact, Mark Brooks used the Big Bertha when he became the winner in the Greater Greensborough Open. Suddenly, more and more golfers are ditching wood and are switching to steel.

With Big Bertha’s success, professional golfers started joining the company, with the likes of Annika Sorentstam and Johnny Miller using Big Bertha in PGA tours across the world. In another first, the company released the S2H2, a material known as metal wood. Due to this, the company’s revenue rose by 100% in the same year.

With sales reaching an estimated $683.5 million, the company expanded its business even further by creating the company called the Callaway Golf Ball in 1996. The newly formed company would go on to become the world’s largest manufacturer of golf balls.

In yet another milestone, the company acquired Odyssey Sports in 1997 and started to develop the Odyssey putters line. The range in this line is still among the most widely known putters even today. With the company’s continuously improving technology, they managed to stay ahead of the competition by bringing the future to the present.

In 2001, Ely Callaway decided to give up his position as CEO and president of the company. This is the time when his company became the biggest and the most successful golf company worldwide. During this year, the company’s foundation exceeded grants to charities by $4.8 million, as part of Ely’s philanthropy.

The company continued to raise the bar in the competition, and other companies have tried but failed to live up to the standard set by Ely Callaway. Over the next few years, the company would continue to innovate their Big Bertha line by using new technology to create the flattest, lightest and strongest possible clubs. They also introduced the Razr drivers, hybrids and irons, fairway woods, Diablo Edge club and other pioneer clubs in the industry.

Throughout its history, the company has proven that it is the golf company of choice not only among professionals, but also among beginners and amateurs. Several award-winning golfers swear by the quality of the company’s golf clubs such as David Leadbetter, Johnny Miller, Arnold Palmer, Gary Player, Annika Sorenstam to name a few.

It seems like technology will only push the company forward. By continuing to uphold Ely Callaway’s keen eye for detail, the company will only continue to strive to bring their customers the ultimate golfing experience.

The success of a business largely depends on the resources available for the owner, as well as how they’re utilized. Therefore, it makes sense that the tools available for the business owner should be of the highest quality and reliability possible for any purpose it may serve.And since most businesses of today require that they have a fully functional website, this extends to their web hosting service as well. This is an aspect that many business owners fail to attend to, but is so important with regards to the company’s internet marketing campaign.

Prevents Revenue Loss

Web hostingWhile early business websites only cater to giving information to the consumer, today, they’ve become extremely interactive and dynamic. In fact, some businesses rely entirely on their websites for virtually all aspects of their operation, like buying and selling of their products.

In light of this, the best web hosting sites provide the stability required to keep the website going, since even the slightest downtime can cost the business severe losses in revenue;especially for e-commerce websites, when transactions are entirely dependent on it.

Benefits SEO

The best web hosting sites also have a positive impact on SEO in a number of ways.

First, the host will impart a series of optimizations on the content of your website, to make sure that it ranks high during relevant searches. This is especially true if the host allows business owners to create their own website from scratch, using their own website builder service.

Secondly, a website who’s stable and completely functioning allows search engine crawlers to visit it regularly. This allows search engines to identify the site itself for SEO. A website who’s constantly suffering from downtime prevents these crawlers from visiting the site, thus hampering the business’ SEO efforts. Also, it’s widely believed that the speed and stability of a website also affects SEO ratings, according to recent findings.

SEO has been one of the key points in web hosting, that the best web hosting sites mostly come with a tool that monitors lead-ins and other aspects of it.

Keeps the website secure

This is arguably the most important aspect of the best web hosting sites around, most especially if they’re for online shopping. Consumers are likely to input any sensitive information for transaction purposes, especially their banking accounts and credit card numbers, the risks of an attacker getting of all this information and using it for malicious intent looms at large. To prevent this, the host should permit (and even require) websites to support SSL (Secure Socket Layer), which allows full encryption of all communications over the site, thereby granting extra security to all the consumers who register on it.

The hosting service should, with the help of the consumer, also be able to identify any bugs and security holes that may be able to compromise your website, and patch them accordingly. And in the unlikely event that a website DOES get hacked, they should be able to restore it as well as any important data that you stored on it via a backup copy on a remote server.

Website intrusion shouldn’t just be the main focus of security, either. A good hosting service should also be able to deal with a very large flow of inbound traffic, preventing cases of denial-of-service attacks and keeping the site stable and running.

Grows with you

Finally, as your business grows, so will your website. Essentially, your website is going to be visited by numerous customers, and soon enough, you need to improve your website with more relevant content. To this end, your web host should be able to keep up as much as possible. Business owners should be able to avail of a much-needed upgrade, whether it’s for increased bandwidth, additional disk space, or even other extra features, to be able to make the necessary improvements to their business site as it expands to keep up with increased consumer demands.

Author Bio

Here at TheHostingAwards.com, we continually review and award only the best web hosting sites. Our goal is to help small businesses & entrepreneurs like yourself find and select the best web host to meet the needs of your website.

Natural disasters may occur at any time. It can destroy memories, records and personal identifications which are irreplaceable or hard to replace. Anyone can keep their most valued possessions secure with the right home safe. Home safes should be fireproof and waterproof for them to be a secure place to keep all those important documents, pictures and computer files. To choose the right one for you, you have to consider and evaluate your needs. What will be the space requirements of items to be stored? How much money or how many items do you intend to store in it? How large are the items you wish to store?  Another factor you have to consider is the level of fire resistance that you need. You also have to consider the kind of security that the safes give you. These are not exactly cheap, so you want to be sure that what you purchase will really serve your purpose.

home safesHome safes serve several purposes. It is a place to keep important documents and items to be used frequently or in case of emergency. This is the place to keep passports, emergency cash, frequently worn jewelry and any legal documents you need to secure. These are some of the items you would not consider keeping in a safe deposit box. It is much safer than placing them inside a lock box at home. It is more difficult to steal. A safe at home is accessible rather than a safe deposit box in a bank. For that reason, people would rather keep their documents like passports, living will, estate plans, power of attorney and other items in their home safe. In the event of a person’s death, it may take a long time for a court order to allow access to the safe deposit box can be issued.

Having a safe at home also provides additional organization. It can hold so many items. People prone to losing or misplacing items can benefit from it. Lastly, it can also provide ease of access for the family members. In case of death or emergencies, a family member will be able to easily retrieve those important documents.

The main advantage of having a safe at home is so that you can access your valuables anytime you want to. But having those advantages comes with disadvantages as well. Should a thief come into your home and force your safe open, he would walk away with your valuables. This will not happen if you take steps to make sure that your safe is truly secure and made of strong materials.

While home safes are fire proof and water proof, there is still no guarantee that the items inside will not get damaged one way or another. Using a safe at home, there are precautions that a user needs to practice. Keep all valuables in airtight waterproof containers. Most safes cannot withstand floods for long periods of time. Keep a photocopy of all the important documents and files in another location. Likewise take photos of all expensive valuables and possession inside the safe. Make sure all valuables are fully covered in your non-life insurance policy. That way when a disaster occurs, you have something to fall back on when it comes to recovering or restoring whatever items are damaged.

It is best to use both an in-home safe and a safety deposit box. Home safes store things people might need access to in an emergency. Items for frequent use are best to be stored here. Having also a safe deposit box is a good way to give you additional peace of mind. Safes at home are much easier for thieves to break. That is less likely to happen at the bank as it is heavily guarded. There are security devices like alarms, cameras, fire-detectors and water sprinklers installed. In case you can store other important documents and a few small items and expensive jewelries that people would never need on a moment’s notice.

Throughout our years of experience with locksmithing, we have found some really terrific home safes!

Graduation sash is one of the accessories in graduation attire that plays a significant role in the graduation ceremony. It is a piece of cloth worn around the neck and rests on the shoulder. Along with the other fundamental academic attire like the gown, hood and cap and the cord, the sash is very significant because it conveys different meaning. It may represent an organization and ethnic society. It may bear the school badge, some significant symbols and the class of the graduates.

History

Graduation SashYou are probably wondering how people or academic people come up with the idea of using a sash in graduation ceremonies. The inception of using the sash as a part of the graduation ceremony can be traced back in the medieval times. Many scholars observe that angelical and catholic priests wear glamorous and elegant sash around their neck when they perform liturgical ceremonies and even when they are in special occasions. During these times, the church has the biggest influence to people. Many clothing items were even inspired to the way priests dress during those times and upon seeing the high priest wear a sash, academic scholars embraced that until now, and the use of sashes is common in America and some places in Europe.

Materials used

A graduation sash also referred to as academic stole or academic sash can be made of satin. Some can be made of matte fabric and might feel rough while other sash is made out of environment-friendly fabrics. If you want a glossy one, you can have a satiny silky sash. You can have a sash that has pointed ends, a slanted one or the square end.

Colours, symbols and meaning

A graduation sash can have different colors and these colors convey different meaning. You may choose to wear a sash that will represent the organization where you belong or the club where you are a proud member. It can convey honor, service, excellence, representation of an organization and ethnicity club. Most of the time though, graduation sash bears the color of your university. It can also show academic remarks as the graduate who is considered to the valedictorian or the suma cum laude is given he privilege to wear gold colored sash. If you want to wear a sash that represents your organization then your sash should bear the color of the organization or your society. You can also customize the sash, give it as a gift to fellow graduate, and choose the color that best describes that someone.

Kinds of Graduation sash

Many types of sashes are available and can be use depending on its purpose. There is a sash made to highlight the academic performance of students. Another one is to reward the students who are performing well in specific categories. A graduation sash made to express gratitude is also available for everyone.

Just like all the academic regalia, your sash has ceremonial significance. Choose to wear one that best describes you and journey you had experience along the way.